What is Biomass?
Biomass is a generic term used to describe material that is derived from living or recently living organisms. In fuel terms biomass is plant matter which can be converted into heat by combustion.
Biomass Fuel Supplies utilise wood as the raw material for the fuels we supply and ensure the raw materials come from sustainable sources.
The importance of biomass fuel lies in its status as Low Carbon or Carbon Neutral.
Fossil fuels can potentially store carbon indefinitely because usually they are buried deep underground, when they are extracted and burned the carbon they contain (from the original plant matter in their formation millions of years ago) is released causing a net increase to the atmospheric carbon.
Carbon neutral fuels such as biomass operate a closed carbon cycle. the growing tree (biomass) absorbs carbon out of the atmosphere whilst it is growing and releases it back when it is burned. When the tree is harvested it is replaced, this is known as sustainable.
What is a Biomass Heating System?
Biomass heating systems burn fuel such as wood pellets, chips or logs to provide central heating and hot water in a home.
The eligible types of biomass technologies are :
Biomass-only boilers (covering all solid biomass including wood pellets, logs and chips)
Biomass pellet stoves with back boilers
All the heat output of biomass systems is considered renewable under the Renewable Energy Directive, so payments are based on the estimated heat use form the EPC.
Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) payments for biomass are set at 12.2 pence per kW of renewable heat and there are many benefits to heating with biomass.